Ns3 Projects for B.E/B.Tech M.E/M.Tech PhD Scholars.  Phone-Number:9790238391   E-mail: ns3simulation@gmail.com

Ad Hoc Simulation Thesis

Outline of Ad Hoc Simulation : Ad hoc is a type of network that purposed to produce a momentary network by gathering the available nodes to create a network structure, which is unclear to share the internet access of a system. Similarly, ad hoc networks are having simulation tools that can produce an effective result analysis.

Benefits of ad hoc simulation

Ad hoc simulations are having some unique and basic features while comparing to other network simulations. Ad hoc network  are specialized in the process of following 

  • Simulating the algorithms of both wired and wireless networks or the routing protocols
  • Enables the patterns of network and sharing center based on distributing the internet access of a computer system

Ad hoc simulation modules and their functions

Modules are the necessary components for any networks that used in the process of simulation. Here we provide you the list of modules used to enhance the functions of Ad Hoc Network.

  • Datagram Congestion Control Protocol (DCCP) 
  • Bridge

On the above-mentioned modules, the bridge is different from DCCP, as it is a virtual net device used to connect various LAN sectors whereas the DCCP used to control the congestion and in ECN (Explicit Control Notification), feature intercession as it is a transport layered protocol concerned with a message. 

Significant categories for ad hoc simulation

There must be some real-time scenario to implement any network as it is intended to. The following are the list of important real-time classes requiring simulations 

  • TCP_NSC: It is in practice to compress NSC (Network Simulation Cradle) and other compressing methods
  • AddrParamsClass: used in the techniques of multicasting and port number identification and also in address limits 

Uses of integrated ad hoc tools

We are designing software tools to perform the ad hoc network process. Below we display a single integrated tool used in Ad Hoc as other simulators are in lack integration and other integrated tools are lack supporting Ad hoc networks. 

  • VANET: It is an Intelligent Transportation System that can be divided into network and traffic simulations. VanetMobiSim, VISSIM, CORSIM, and SUMO are traffic simulators of VANET to trace the vehicle traffic accurately. 

Supporting programming languages of Ad Hoc

The following programming languages that support Ad Hoc Network are limited. But we know the implementing methods of other languages in simulations than the following languages.

  • Simulator like Cooja can be programmed with C language
  • Simulator like NS3 can be programmed with C++, Python
  • Simulator like NS2 can be programmed with C++, TCL

Supporting OS in Ad hoc simulation

The operating system is an essential component in the ad hoc network. Implanting the OS with the appropriate version will provide the best results. The OS can function to support the ad hoc with the following system structure of 

  • Processor: Intel® Pentium(R) CPU G2030 @ 3.00GHz × 2 
  • RAM: 4 GB
  • System Type: 32-bit Operating System

And the supporting OS are

  • contiki-2.7 
  • ubuntu-14.04 
  • windows -7 32 bit 

Prominent Versions of Ad Hoc simulation tools

There are various tools available for the simulation. Among those tools, we found some finest tools that are apt for the ad hoc network to provide the best results. The following lists are the simulation tools in the respective version of Ad hoc

  • Cooja Version: 3.0
  • Omnet++
    • Version: 5.0
  • NS3
    • Version: 3.0

Important Ad hoc simulation protocols

Protocols deserve an important role in the simulation process of any network. It performs in compromising devices with the amount of data and the power consumed by the network and it prevents fluctuation in packer transmission. The following are the important protocols used in simulation

  • LoRaWan: affords low power and low bit communication 
  • Coap:  apt for IoT devices with low power. It functions based on UDP and is capable of structuring the techniques for steadfast distribution
  • Bluetooth: It functions based on radio frequency and is designed to connect devices within a short range without the help of any base station or wired devices. It also has the ability of self-organization. 

Research Areas in Ad hoc Network

Simulation is a process to assess the efficiency of the network while implementing the network in practical situations. No type of network has been invented just for theoretical purposes. The following are the ad hoc network projects.

  • Vehicular Sensor Network:  the VSN innovate a method to improve the transport environment because of the limitless power transmitted to the vehicle that ensuing limited energy.
  • Device-to-device communication (D2D): It specifies the cellular networks that connect two mobile phones (mobile ad hoc network simulation) without crossing the base station or its core network for communication 
Ad Hoc Network Simulation

The empirical study of ad hoc simulation

Result analysis is more important in every networking project. It helps you to produce an effective result both in academic and real-time projects. Hence we want to provide you with the following parameters used to evaluate the performance of ad hoc simulation.

  • Diameter of network: it denotes the sum of hops in a network achieved between nodule pairs, presumably at the starting point of SNIR/BER
  • The transport capacity: it is used to evaluate the performance of ad hoc on the basis of throughput and the total area covered by the network nodules. The unit of this metric is bit meter/s. 
  • Expected time of transmission: it evaluates the time taken by the ad hoc network to send/receive a data packet in a calculated time across network links.

Subject wise modules of ad hoc simulation

Modules are important tools to perform the simulation process in a network to evaluate its efficiency in various aspects and based on its functions. Now we provide you with the subject wise modules used in ad hoc simulation

  • Stcp: designed with attractive types of improved applications and it is a typical transport layer protocol 
  • Modulation: due to the dynamic nature of nodes, this modulation is characterized to improve their contact time.

Remarkable ad hoc simulation syntax

The upcoming syntax is used for the process of CBR traffic as given below

static class CBR_PP_TrafficClass : public TclClass {


           CBR_PP_TrafficClass() : TclClass(“Application/Traffic/CBR_PP”) {}

           TclObject* create(int, const char*const*) {

                       return (new CBR_PP_Traffic());


} class_cbr_PP_traffic;

CBR_PP_Traffic::CBR_PP_Traffic() : seqno_(0)


           bind_bw(“rate_”, &rate_);

           bind(“random_”, &random_);

           bind(“packetSize_”, &size_);

           bind(“maxpkts_”, &maxpkts_);

           bind(“PBM_”, &PBM_);


Important Ad hoc simulation applications

The ad hoc network simulation are having real-time applications. The following applications are examples of some real-time scenarios. These simulation applications are used in Ad hoc to enhance the functions of nodes, data transmission of system/vehicle-based.

  • IoV communication: functions between the logical/ dedicated data-based IoVs
  • MANET grouping: grouping the nodes according to the node energy of mobile devices 
  • UAV Communication in FANET: this process to transmit the sensitive data to the ground base station done by UAV nodes 

Ad hoc simulation algorithms

Algorithms are used in evaluating the result gathered through the network metrics. It can also use in improving the efficiency of the network in simulation. There are various types of algorithms used in the ad hoc simulating process. For your reference, we just displayed limited types of algorithms used in Ad hoc simulation.

  • DHAR (Dual Hybrid Adaptive Routing): it is a routing algorithm based on the similar functions of Distributed Dynamic cluster algorithm. Its dynamic binding protocol is useful for the nodes to send packets by finding the destination with the help of the existing cluster-ID.
  • Artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm: It is purposed to enhance the energy used in MANET Projects by the DSR protocol

Research Ideas in Ad hoc Network

There are plenty of ad hoc network areas available for research. In case of affording an innovative approach towards the ad hoc network simulation, we are here to guide you in conducting researches in the areas of ad hoc as given below 

  • Method of Scheduling: implementation of packer scheduling
  • Handover method: involves the process of handover nodes in the areas covered by the ad hoc network
  • Choosing relay: implementation of choosing communicative relay among nodes

How does ad hoc simulation work? 

The major progress in ad hoc network simulation is based on the functions of mobility hosting, its locations, and detecting the intrusions in MANET. For instance, intrusion detection is detailed here. The technique of ad hoc took place in the following processes

  • Location of mobile agents, LIDS local agents, MIB local agent, and Mobile host are deployed 
  • Communication between each other 
  • SNMP agent detects the intrusions and stored in the server. 

Important phases of ad hoc simulation

The major steps of ad hoc network simulation are given below. Usually, it starts from inputting the packets for transmission in the process of sending data. For instance, we provide you with a fundamental structure of a network simulator designed for VANET Simulation

  • Initializes input parameter
  • Deploy Modules 
  • topology module
  • data traffic module: generates WSM with TCP/IP/UDP
  • mobility module: gains node speed and the environment from traffic simulator
  • radio module: consists of Module scheme, WAVE-PHY, Physical layer parameter
  • graphical module
  • Output parameters 

The different routing protocol in ad hoc simulation

The routing protocols are mere guidelines in performing the simulation process in a network. It is mainly used in providing the result analysis after the assessment of a network. The routing protocols for ad hoc simulation are listed below

  • MAODV: It is a protocol of Multicast Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector. Its functions are similar to the AODV mainly in forming packets, as per the unicast route table.
  • AOMDV: Ad hoc on-demand Multipath Distant Vector Routing Protocol is also an extension of the protocol AODV. It is useful in the route failure scenario and this protocol consists of various routes among the destination and source 

Project Titles in Ad hoc simulation 

The scope of ad hoc network simulation is infinite, as it is used in many real-time applications. The major real-time applications have also come under the category of ad hoc simulation. Now, the following ideas are suggested by our project developers. 

  • We help you in creating the project to implement the sense data transferring process in a specified routing with the help of ad hoc network
  • We help you to perform projects on the routing selection process based on AODV and packet transmission with the help of ad hoc network
  • We can help you to conduct a project on the process of transmission on the basis of relay sensed data with the help of ad hoc network
  • We help you in doing project implementing the packet transmission process by using the ad hoc network projects
  • We can do projects on cluster data transmission by using ad hoc.

Not only on the basis of the mentioned ideas. We will also help you in performing projects in other areas of the ad hoc simulation. We are having a potentially updated technical team for your service and they will provide their entire guidance and support over your projects. We extend our service to other Ad hoc tools if you are interested.